Additional marketer information forces mexico’s cre to revise february natural gas prices 2018-04-04 natural gas intelligence

The revised CRE pricing information affects the prices and volumes reported for all six of CRE’s trading regions, except Region 2. One of the biggest changes occurred in Region 1, where the price is roughly doubled based on the revised data. The trading volumes reported in regions 1 and 3-6 all increased, most notably in Region 5, where it more than doubled.

CRE calculated the prices using data collected from the monthly post-transaction reports that are mandatory for all gas marketers operating in Mexico. The resulting indices showed an average price, combining the price per molecule and transport costs, for all trades billed in each region during the previous month.

The regulator unveiled in late February the six trading regions, based on supply patterns, Mexico’s pipeline infrastructure, and the prices and volumes reported in each state, among other factors. The six areas encompass the Federal District and all but two of Mexico’s 31 states, with regions 1-3 covering the northern half of the country and regions 4-6 covering its central and southern states.

Located in central Mexico, Region 5 encompasses some of Mexico’s most densely populated areas, including Mexico City. The Los Ramones system, carrying gas imports from South Texas, terminates in Region 5, where it links up with other pipelines on the national Sistrangas network.

In volume and deals, northeast Region 3 was the second-most active trading zone. In February, 13 marketers reported 30 transactions for a total of 46.4 Bcf. The average price of those trades was 74.995 pesos/GJ ($4.248/MMBtu), the lowest among all six regions.

Region 3 covers the industrialized states of Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas. Gas imports from South Texas flow into this region at numerous border crossing points, including NET Mexico at Rio Grande, TX, which accounts for slightly under half of all U.S. pipeline shipments into Mexico. The NET Mexico pipeline interconnects with the Los Ramones system at Camargo in Mexico.

Most of the pipelines in Region 3 are part of the Sistrangas, but it also includes Kinder Morgan Inc.’s Mier-Monterrey, which terminates near the Nuevo Leon capital of Monterrey. Also in Monterrey, the Nueva Era cross-border pipeline, a joint venture between Howard Energy Partners and Mexico’s Grupo Clisa, is due in service later this year.

The northwest Region 1, which saw the highest average price for February, also reported the fewest transactions. Four marketers billed nine deals for total monthly trading volume of 18.3 Bcf. The region includes the Sonora pipeline, which runs from the Arizona border to the coast of the Sea of Cortez into Sinaloa state.

Since August, a force majeure on the pipeline’s Guaymas-El Oro segment, the result of a social conflict, has curtailed shipments from the Sasabe, AZ border crossing. The isolated Naco-Hermosillo and Baja California systems are also in Region 1.

In Region 2, private pipelines connected to West Texas imports points and the northwest section of Sistrangas converge near El Encino in Chihuahua state. There have been delays to several Mexican pipelines that would move gas imports from the Waha hub downstream into this region, but most are expected to come in service by the end of this year or early 2019.

Six marketers billed 13 transactions in Region 2 for a total trading volume of 7.8 Bcf, the lowest among all six regions, with an average price of 79.700 pesos/GJ ($4.514/MMBtu). Region 4 in southwest Mexico recorded a trading volume of 15.3 Bcf for February, and Region 6 in the southeast reported 10 Bcf.

Last August, CRE began publishing a national version of the monthly index, known as the IPGN. At the time, officials said the regulator would begin releasing regional prices once it had collected enough transaction data to identify specific trading areas and liquidity points within Mexico.

The regulator also plans to create a set of forward-looking price indexes, using data culled from the daily trading reports that Mexican marketers are also required to file. These would include a daily index showing the average price of all trades scheduled for next-day flow, as well as a monthly index of trades with flow dates on the following month.

Last year, Mexico imported around 5 Bcf/d to supply 62% of national gas demand, which averaged 8.07 Bcf/d, according to the Energy Ministry (Sener). Pipelines delivered 4.36 Bcf/d of Mexican gas imports in 2017, while the remaining 643 MMcf/d came from two of the country’s liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals.

The Altamira LNG terminal is on the Gulf Coast in Tamaulipas, near the border between the CRE’s regions 3 and 6 and not far from central Region 5. The Manzanillo terminal is on the Pacific Coast in the state of Colima, which is part of Region 4. A third LNG import facility in Baja California, in Region 1, has not received any cargos since mid-2016.