Antarctic melting slows atmospheric warming and speeds sea level rise watts up with that charlie chaplin

In addition to slowing warming and increasing sea level, the melting of the antarctic ice sheet will change precipitation regimes because the tropical rain belt will shift north, said senior author joellen russell, who holds the thomas R. Brown distinguished chair of integrative science and is an associate professor of geosciences at the UA.

To test that idea, bronselaer ran a climate model with and without the ice- sheet melting included. Chairish phone number the team included researchers from NOAA’s geophysical fluid dynamics laboratory in princeton, new jersey and from princeton university. The scientists used NOAA GFDL’s climate model called ESM2M and tested the simulation over the time period from 1950 to 2100.

Bronselaer and russell’s coauthors on the paper, “change in future climate due to antarctic meltwater,” are michael winton of the NOAA GFDL in princeton, new jersey; stephen M.


Griffies of NOAA GFDL and princeton university; william J. Hurlin of NOAA GFDL; keith B. Rodgers of princeton university; olga V. Sergienko of NOAA GFDL and princeton university; and ronald J. Stouffer of the university of arizona and NOAA GFDL.

But I actually have very cold air (of constantly changing temperatures very far below freezing (0.0 C or 32.0 F)) being randomly blown across a very rough, irregular surface of sea ice, then a constantly changing thickness of sea ice of varying thermal conductivity and varying thermal mass with varying speeds of salt water at verying temperatures and salinity moving with random velocities below the sea ice as varying “globs” of salt water move around and below the irregular sea ice lower boundary. At individual crystals at the boundary, salt water is forced out the ice crystal martix above, and the salt forced into the brackish water right below the crystal grain border. So that little bit of water is now more brackish (heavier) and tends to fall away from the bottom of the new sea ice, but new warmer water less saline water replaces the previously cooled and heavy salt-laden water. The new sea ice is mostly fresh water, but ice crystal boundaries have trapped salt and salt water right above the new boundary. Antique furniture types those melt little bubbles of salt water in the fresh water crystals, but at -2 to -4 degrees freezing points, these little bubbles will remain liquid for a while as the ice around them cools as it loses heat to the very cold air above. The bottom of the sea ice “generally” has a salt water boundary water temperature of -2 to -4 degrees. “lab conditions” of “average” sea water show it freezes about -4 degrees.

Yes, for the most part, you are right sam. Veritas chair doctor glue review the only heat that would have went missing, would have been that which was transferred to the atmosphere, which ultimately would have exited to space by LWIR. But the vast ocean in a full blown ice age may have had an average temperature of .9 C while the interglacial ocean now has an average temp of 3.5 C. Plus there is also the extra 130 meters (427 feet) of additional liquid water in the ocean that is no longer ice that was maybe previously an average temp of -25 C when in the ice sheet. Although much of the ocean rise was a result of thermal expansion from .9 C to 3.5 C, not all additional water. So the heat since 21,000 YBP had to first warm that cold frozen ice to melting point, and then the entire ocean had to keep acquiring heat over the millennium’s to raise the entire average ocean temp to 3.5 C. That is a lot of heat that is still hiding in the ocean since the peak of the last ice age. But I suspect this is a trick question, so go ahead and pounce.