Is cholesterol a bad thing or a good thing

Low-density lipoproteins or LDL (low density lipoprotein), also called “bad” cholesterol, which carries cholesterol from the liver to the tissues and arteries. The majority of cholesterol in the blood is in the form of LDL. The higher the level of LDL cholesterol in the blood, the more you are exposed to cardiovascular and coronary pathologies diseases.

High-density lipoproteins, or HDL (high density lipoprotein), also called “good” cholesterol, which carries cholesterol from the tissues and arteries to the liver and therefore remove cholesterol from your body. The higher the level of HDL cholesterol in the blood the better. High density of HDL cholesterol in your blood can help prevent cardiovascular and coronary diseases (prevents the formation of deposits of cholesterol in vascular walls).


Normal cholesterol chart

The amount of cholesterol in blood should be carefully monitored and controlled. It is best to measure cholesterol yearly. The formation and removal of cholesterol from the body is normally adjusted in a healthy person so that there is no accumulation. HDL levels should be high, LDL levels should be low. Such condition indicates a healhty individual. For more information, see above chart on cholesterol levels. Symptoms of high cholesterol

What you can do is you can go to your personal doctor and ask for measurement in the laboratory. You social security should cover this. You can also buy your own cholesterol meter and do the measurements by yourself. You can also visit a self-pay lab where you can get all 4 values (total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides) ​​measured for little money. How to lower cholesterol?

Eat food that provides adequate nutrition. Your diet should contain as little saturated fatty acids as possible. Saturated fatty acids are mostly found in meat and meat products, full fat cheese and whole milk, margarine, fried foods and salty snacks. Replace these bad fats with good ones (unsaturated fatty acids), which are found in olives and olive oil, nuts, fish (such as salmon and mackerel) or seeds (flaxseeds).

As an effective preventive measure, experts advise regular physical activity. Recent studies show that exercise reduces the level of bad cholesterol (LDL) in blood and on the other hand also contributes to higher values ​​of good cholesterol (HDL). It is advised to exercise at least half an hour per day. If you don’t like sports, make sure you take a half hour walk every day.

A very important measure to reduce cholesterol levels is to reduce excessive weight and maintain a normal body weight. Losing a few extra pounds (5 to 10% of body weight) has a positive impact not only on the concentration of fat in your blood, but also positively impacts regulation of blood pressure and blood sugar. Use this tool to calculate your ideal body weight: BMI calculator.

Many drug stores offer products that naturally reduce blood cholesterol levels. Such supplements usually contain plant sterols (ie sterols derived from vegetable oils). Fish oil is another example of dietary supplement good for lowering cholesterol because it contains a lot of omega 3 fatty acids, which are good for lowering cholesterol levels.

Such drugs must be taken regularly and usually trough whole life, because studies show that the treatment is not successful if patient is taking drugs only for a short period of time or only occasionally. If you have been prescribed with one of the drugs for lowering cholesterol you should still follow the rules of healthy eating, be physicaly active and abandon bad habits. High cholesterol foods

About two-thirds of cholesterol which is present in blood is produced by liver, the remaining cholesterol is provided by eating cholesterol rich food. Cholesterol is found in foods of animal origin: meat, ham, sausages, sausages, liver, and other meat products, egg yolks (while whites do not contain cholesterol), shrimp and dairy products like butter, cream and cheese. Try to avoid these foods if you have high cholesterol levels.